Endometriosis – causes, symptoms, treatment

Endometriosis is a prevalent and often misunderstood disease that affects a growing number of women worldwide. It is estimated that up to 10-15% of women of childbearing age experience this condition, which can significantly impact their quality of life. In this article, we will delve into the causes, symptoms, and available treatment options for endometriosis.

The beginnings of the disease

The beginnings of the diagnosis of endometriosis date back to the 19th century, but until today it has not been possible to clearly explain the causes of its formation. The most popular theory is that endometrial cells move into the peritoneal cavity during menstruation. Other hypotheses suggest the influence of genetic, immunological or environmental factors. In recent years, there has been a development of research on endometriosis and an increase in social awareness about it. Thanks to this, the number of women who manage to receive a diagnosis and medical help is increasing. Some doctors say that endometriosis is the result of today’s lifestyle, full of stress, exercise, unhealthy diet and exposure to environmental toxins.

Causes of endometriosis

Although the causes of endometriosis are unknown, scientists and doctors suggest several main theories. Among them, the “retrograde menstruation” theory posits that endometrial cells exit the uterus into the abdominal cavity through the fallopian tubes. Other theories point to genetics, immune system dysfunction, or environmental factors as triggers for the development of the disease.

Symptoms and impact on everyday life

The symptoms of endometriosis can be very different and often mimic other conditions. The main ones are severe, repeated pain during menstruation and urination, vaginal discharge, painful intercourse, and fertility problems. Endometriosis can also cause non-specific symptoms, such as abdominal pain, back pain, fatigue, or depression. The impact of endometriosis on everyday life is extremely important. Severe pain often prevents normal functioning, leading to withdrawal from work, professional, and social life. The symptoms of endometriosis are diverse and can vary depending on the location and severity of the disease.

Treatment of endometriosis

Endometriosis treatment is individualized and depends on the woman’s age, severity of symptoms, and fertility plans. Possible forms of therapy include:

 – pharmacotherapy (analgesics, hormonal drugs),

 – surgery (laparoscopy, hysterectomy),

– supportive therapy (physiotherapy, psychotherapy).

Research is constantly underway to find new treatments and ultimately a cure for endometriosis. If you experience similar symptoms, be sure to contact your gynecologist.

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