Influenza – what are the symptoms, when to contact a doctor, and how to treat it?

Influenza is an infectious respiratory disease caused by the influenza virus. It can cause symptoms ranging from mild to severe and, in some cases, can even lead to hospitalization or death. Check out what its symptoms are, when to contact a doctor, and how to treat it.

What is influenza and what are its symptoms?

Influenza is an infectious disease caused by the influenza virus. Its symptoms include chills, fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, muscle aches, and fatigue. In some cases, it can even lead to pneumonia.

How to prevent influenza?

The best way to prevent influenza is through annual vaccination. Vaccines are available for individuals aged 6 months and older. It is also important to practice good hygiene habits such as regular handwashing and avoiding close contact with sick individuals. Taking these preventive measures can help protect against getting sick or spreading the disease to others nearby. If any flu symptoms occur, it is important to contact a doctor and follow their recommendations.

How does influenza spread?

The most common way influenza and other viruses spread is through direct contact with an infected person. When someone coughs or sneezes, droplets containing virus particles can travel a distance of up to six feet. This means that if you come into contact with these droplets, you can also become infected. Furthermore, some viruses can survive on surfaces for many hours or even days, so if someone touches an infected surface and then touches their face, they can also become ill.

Influenza treatment

When diagnosed with influenza, treatment may involve antiviral medications that can reduce the severity and duration of the illness. It is also important to rest, drink plenty of fluids, and manage pain or fever as needed. With proper medical care and preventive measures, most people recover from influenza within about two weeks. If you or someone you know is experiencing flu-like symptoms, contact a doctor for advice. Taking appropriate steps to prevent and treat influenza can help maintain the health and safety of yourself and those around you.

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